Research is a systematized effort to gain Knowledge
Research is an Intellectual Process
Research is related with discovering new knowledge, developing existing knowledge verifying knowledge.
The main type of research is Basic Research and Applied Research
Pragmatic Research is based on Observational and Empirical Research
Pure and Applied Research are two levels of A Priroi Research
Pure Research is an Investigation conducted by an Individual
The research results which are unibiased by any possible use of its results is denoted by the term Pure Research
Dr.S.R. Ranganathan's Five Laws of Library Science is example ofFundamental Research
The distinctive mental process inovolved in observation and experiment isPerception
Fundamental Laws are got by Intutiion
In research, deductive lologic proceeds from General to Particular
Deductive Logic in Spiral of Scientific Method is related with Zenith
What type of process inductive logic is Theory is developed
In deductive research theory is developed and tested
Indusctive research proceeds from Particular to General
Historical Method of research can be applied in all subjects
What is an Interview? A Tool of Research
The Four Cell desing is used in Experiments
A Questionnaire designed with open ended questions is knownUnstructured
Hypothesis is a Tentative Solution to the Problem
Research Methods are used in research work to Solve Research Problem systematically and unbiased
The Correct sequence in the Spiral of Scientific method is Nadir, Ascendent, Zenith, Descendent
A research that proceeds from General to Particulat is called Deductive Logic
Cranefield studies are an example of Experimental Research
The Exponent of Scientific Method is Francis Bacon
Research Design is Blue=Print of Research Work
A Proposition which is yet to be put to test for determing its validity is known as Hypothesis
In a questionnaire, Closed ended Questionsa are Fixed Response Questions
In a Questionnaire, Open Ended Questions are the answeres may be filled inby the respondent freely
When a Small group is taken as the representative of the whole, the study is called Sampling Method
When a whole population is divided into different groups and then , certain number of items are taken from each group to secure reliable sample , the method is called Stratified Sample
Dividing the population in different strat and then, the number to be slected from each stratum is decided in Quota Sampling
The sampling method , that combines the advantages of both randon as well as stratified sampling is Multistage or Cluster Sampling
The Measures of Central Tendendy are Mean, Median andMode
The Central Value of the distribution is denoted by Mean
The Size or Measurement of the Item which lies at the center, if all the items are arranged ascending or descending order of magnitude is calledMedian
External and Internal Criticism are two important factors considered in Historical Method
The research method which is based upon a series of questionnaire interchanges often referred to as rounds is known an Delphi Method
In research Study, analysis and interpretation of data is useful for Making Inferences and drawing conclusions
In diagrammatic representation of data, for visual presentation of results of points are plotted and then joined with each other, it is called graph
In diagrammatic representation of data, if the values of variables are represented in vertical bars drawn adjacent to each other, it is calledHistogram
If the data is presented in the form of circle with each category occupying a segment that ir proportional to its size, it is called Pie –Chart
The written description of research which gives the description from beginning to end of the research on the subject is called Research Report.
The term Bibliometrics was first used by Alan Pritchard
The Study of use of documents and Patterns of publkication with application of mathematical and statistical methods is known asBibliometrics
Zipfs Law of Bibliometrics is concerened withWord Count of Text.
The bibliometric law which is based upon the frequency of publications of authors is known as Lotkas Law
ICSSR was established in the year 1969
CSIR stands for Committee for Social Science and Industrial Research
SPSS, IDAMs and Microstat are the statiscal Packate for Data Processing in research
Dissertation and Thesis are near Synonyms
A Null Hypothesis means that a hypothesis is framed as negation
Research Report should consist of Statement of Problem, Analysis and Interpretation of Data , Hypothesis , Objectives and Research Methodology .
Solo Research is done by a person
What was the name given by Ranganathan to Bibliometry?
Delphi Method developed in the year 1950s
In which Country Delhi Method for research was first developed? USA
What is the main aim of Delhi Method of Research?
Refining the Judgemental Data
Chain Procedure of Ranganthan is Applied Research
Editions work on Bulb is Applied Research
Five Laws of Library Science Basic Research
What ae the two types of Logical Method of research?
Deductive and Inductive
Pure Research provides a ground for Applied Research
Discovery of Electricity is Applied Research
Research Design is Planning of Research
What is called hypothesis in Natural Sciences?
What is called hypothesis in Social Science? Normative Principles
Scheduled and Questionnaire are Closely Related
What is the first step in methodology of research?
Formulation and Identification of the Problem.
What are the two methods of observation? Participants and Non-Participants
What is Content Analysis Research?
Analysis of Past Documents and Material.
What type of research is being conducted now a days?
What type of research is the Chain Procedure of Ranganathan?
What type of research is Editions Work on Bulbs?
What are the two types of logical method of research?
Deductive and Inductive
What type of process deductive logic is?
Theory is tested from known Scientific Principles
Deductive research proceeds from General to Particular
What type of process inductive logic is?
Theory is developed by Observing so many examples
Inductive Logic proceeds from Particular to General
What is called that research in which the tools of different sciences are used?
Inter Disciplinary Research
Inter Disciplinary Research are technical approach for research, it is cooperative and coordinated research , the demand for this type of research is increasing and results obtained are not subject oriented
The Reasons for Inter Disciplinary Research are Changed Role of Research, Craze of Specialisation, Birth and overlapping of Disciplines .
Interdisciplinary research is Objective
A Plan of Study which an researcher makes and undertakes the work is known as Research Design
What is the meaning of Research Design?
Planning of Research
Research Design gives the Blue Print of research activity
What should not be included in a research design?
The Purpose of Research Design is the Control of Variance.
In research design which is considered as the most important component?
Review of Literature
Who is the enunciator of Scientific Method?
Who was the first exponent of Scientific Method?
Verifiability is one of the important elements of which method of research?
The Logical steps involved in scientific investigation are: 1.
Investigation are Indentification of the Proble, Collection of Data and Formulation of the Hypthesis
The Sprial of Scientif Method studies is realted with which of the following?
Oraganisation of Subject
Who devised Sprial of Scientific Method?
The Spiral of Scientific Method Signifies of the which of the following?
Steps and Phrases in Scientific Method
What is the correct sequence of cardinal Points?
Nadir, Ascendent, Zenith, Descendent, Nadir
On Spiral of Scientific Method , the cardinal points Descendant to Nadir contains Verfication Phase
On Spiral of Scientific Method , the caridinal points Ascendenr to Zenith contains Hypothesizing Phase
On Spiral of Scientific Method, the Cardinal Points Nadir to Ascendent contaisn Empirical Phase
On Spiral of Scientific Method , the cardinal Pointa Zenith to Descendent contains Fundamental Laws
What does Zenith Mark in the Sprial?
An Assumption or Proposition whose validity is to be tested is known asHypothesis
Cranefield Research Project is an example of Experimental Research
The person who conducted Cranefield research study is C.W.Cleverdon
Cranefield research studies are carried out to study Indexing
Casual Relationship between variables is indentified in which type of research-Experimental
Experimental research is generally oriented towards Future
In Historical method of research data is collected primarily from Primary and Secondary Sources
Which method of research is suitable to study large population scattered geographically?
Which of the following is oriented towards present research?
DISISS stands for Design of Information Service in Social Science
INFROSS is an Example of Survey Research
Historical method of research is realted to the study of past
Historical Method of research can be applied in all discipline
Inductive logic proceeds from Particular to General
Deductive Logic Proceeds from General to Particular
Verification phase in the spiral of scientific method occurs from cardinal Points from Descendant to Nadir
Empirical Laws are deducted from cardinal points from Nadir to Ascendant
Hypthesizing laws are deducted from cardinal points from Ascendant to Zenith
Deductive Laws are deducted from cardinal points from Zenith to Descendant
Nadir, Ascendant, Zenith and Descendant are the our cardinal points of Spiral of Scientific Method
The Correct sequence of Caridnal points in the Spiral of Scientific Method is Spiral
The steps and phases in Scientific Method is Spiral
Lotkas Law is used for Frequency Analysis of Data
Bradfords and Zipfs Laws are used for Rank Frequency Analysis of Data
Which of the following technique is not employed in Bibliometrics?Measuring but Counting, Ranking and Citing are used
Zipfs Law basically deals with Frequency of Occurance of words
Lotkas law basically deals with Producvuty of words
Law of Scattering was first expounded by S.C. Bradford
The application of mathematics and statistical principles to Library and Information is known as Biblimetrics
The term " Bibliomnetrics" was first used by Alan Pritchard
The term " Librarmetry" was first coined by S.R.Ranaganathan
Application of Statisitics to Library Science is Known as Library Matrics
Exploratory research is concerned with Determination of Ideas
Experimental research design deal with Testing of Hypothesis
The research design which deals with diagnoisitic of problem and their solutions is Diagnostic
Formal and Informal tools are carried out in Diagnostic Research Design
Descriptive Research Design deals with Study of Behavioural Sciences
The Purpose of Research Design is to Control variance in Research
A research Design should be propounded after formulating Hypothesis
Research Design provides research acitivty a Blue Print
Bradford Law, Lotkas Laws and Zipfs Law related to Bibilometrics
Data, Informartion , Knowledge and Wisdon is the correct sequence
To ascertain the information needs of Medical Practitioners, a questionnaire is sent to very fifth member on the official register- Random Sample
The journal deveoted to report LIS Research globally and exclusely isCurrent Research
Delphi Method is mainly concerned with Forecasting of Trends
Stratified Sampling is a combnination of Purposive and Random
The top of Spiral of Scientific method is Zenith
The Median dvides the curve inot Equal Parts
A tentative spultion suggested to a problem in research is known as Hypothsis
The Credit for introducing case study method into the field of Social Scieintific Investigation goes to F. Leplay
The creator of LIBRIS is Frontier Technologies
The term Librametrics was foramally introduced in 1948 by S.R. Ranganathan
A new serried of :" Research Reviews in Information and Docuementation " has been formed by FID
The Foundation of all Scientific research is Formuation of Hypothesis
A Questionnnaire designed in advance is known as Structured
Panel Survey method is a direct extension of Interveiw Sampling
Chi Square is a technique related to Statistics
Accident Sampling is one of the methods of Non Probablity Sampling
"Thesis of Month" is a regular feature of Univeristy News
An Hypothesis is a tentative Generalisation
Lottery method is one of the methods employed in Random Sampling
The whole group from which the units of sample are selected is calledUniverse
A person who conducts the Public Opinion is known as Pollstar
A well Planned, concerived and carefully prepared outline of an investigative study is known as Research Design
A study preceding the main study to check the viability is known as Pilot study
Numerical Values assigned to preceded replies is known as Scaling
Delphi Design is basically a survey design
A Changeable element in a pheneomena is known as Variable
Exploratory formulation uses one of the following methods for research?
Descriptive Formulation uses one of the following techniques for research?
Clinical Observation is the method used for collection of data in diagnostic study
The use of Experimental forumation is a hall mark of research in Physical Sciences
Panel Study is employed in which of the following formulation?
Systematic Analysis and description of contents of media is known asContent Analysis
Geometric Figure to indicagte each person and connecting lines and arrows is known as Sociogram
Measurement of Inter Relations amongst individuals and institution behaviour is known as Sociometry
Statiscal Methods of research lays stress on Figures
Constructive Typology deals with Logintunial Section
Projective Technique is an indirect method of data Collection
Statistical Study is a method which is rather Quanititative
The act of making a book, speech , report etc in a short form isCondensation
Collecting information about an individual , family or group is known asCase Study
Case Study method is primalrily concerendd with Qualitative Analysis
Performance Measurement is one of the types of Evaluation Research
The person who identified different approaches to evaluation research isDavid King
Oral or written statement is known as Testimony
The author of " The Art of Scientific Investigation " is Bevaridge
A Pictorial representation of the sequences of steps of computation for a problem is known as Flowchart
The author of " Methods of Social Research" is Good and Hatt
Law of Scattering was first propounded by S.C. Bradford
The host institution for National Cntre for Bibliometrics (NCB) is Insdoc
The application of statistical techniques to econimc theories is known asEconometrics
An Assumption or proposition whose validity is t to be tested is known asHypothesis
The most frequent observation in the series is known as Mode
The middle most observation in the series is known as Median
Regression Analsysis is a tool
A variable not influenced by other variables in the equation is known asIndependent
A Variable which responds to changes in the independent variable is known as Dependent
Bar Charts and Pie Charts are the examples of data compression
In the form of a table, chart, and graph , data can be presented Gaphically
Inference is a conculsion based on Reasoning
The end part of research report includes Glossary
The Preliminaries in the research report includes Introduction
A Style Manual provides guidance on how to prepare a text
A printed Scholarly study of one theme or subject is known as Monograph
Verfiability is one of the important elements of components of Scientific Method
The Investigation of under lying process operative in the lives of person who are in association is known as Social Research
The research which aims at providing workable solutions to a given problem by direction is known as Action Research
A Plan of Study which an researcher makes and undertakes the work is known as Research Design
A Tentative solutions of a proble facing a scientist/investigatory is known asHypothesis
A Book providing basic knowledge of a particular subject to the students in an easy language is known as Text Books
A Comprehensive, authoritative and systematic compilation by known information on a subject is known as Treatise
A Schloarly treatise on a specific subject is studied as a part of wider subject is known as Mongraph
An Outstanding work of Scholarship and high literary merit of all times is known as Classic
The records of any public or private institution which are worthy of permanent preservation for reference and research is known as Archival Material.
SUCHAK database is being developed and operated by SNDT woments University , Mumbai
The propositions that typically state the existence, size, form or distribution of some variable is known as Desctiptive Hypothesis
Research inquiry into the pasr in a systematic manner is called Historical
A group of subjects on which experiment is not performed is known asControlled.
A Changeable element in a phenomena is known as Variable.
The research gaining knowledge by collecting or fresh observation under controlled conditions is known as Experimental
The Crane Field research project conducted by C.Clverdon is an example ofExperimental Reasarch
The techniques of investigation to collect information on a phenomena through observation, interview and questionnaire is Survey Research
The Interview where the emphasis will be upon a given experience and its effects is known as Focussed
The Interview which concerns itself with the broad underlying feelings or motivation is known as Clinical
The Inteview where the Interviwer serves a Catalyst is known as Non-Directive
A Systemativ viewing , compelled with consideration of the seen Phenomenta is known as Obeservation.
The Combination of Controlled and Uncontrolled observation is known as Mass Observation
The research carried on "Citizens attidude towards Public Library" by Charles Evans is an example of Survey
The author of " Library Surveys: An Introduction , their use, planning , proceducre and presentation " is called M.B.Line.
A Method of exploring and analyzing the life of social unit be it a person, family an institution , cultural group or even an entire community is knownas Case Study
A Specific type of applied research whose primary goal is not the discovery of knowledge but rather testing of application of knowledge within a specific programme or project " is known as Evaluation Research
The Evaluation which aims at providing information for programme management, modification and management is known as Formative
A Research technique for an objective systematic and qualitative description of the manifest content is called Content Analysis
The Smallest unit generally applied in a research is word
Recording of Occurrence of a given attribute is known as Freqency System
Law of Scattering was propounded by Bradford
The generic used to refer to inquires into the printed tools of librarianship is known as Documnetary Research
Analysis of structure of literature using various tools, counting rank-freqency distribution and citation analysis is known as Bibliometrics
The author " The Elements of Research " is F.L. Whitney
The person who propounded that a comparatively small numbers of core journals in a filed yielded a high proportion of all relevant articles is S.C bardford
A Group of modified survey procedures designed for use in refining judgemetnal data collected from a panel of selected experts is known asDelphi Method
An approach to social investigation with full and active participation of the community in the research process is known as Participatory Research
InkBolt Test Techniques are employed in Projective Techniques
The author of "Methods in Social Research" is Good and Hart
Questionnaire is widely used tool in Survey Research
The author of "Scientific Social Surveys and Research" is P.V.Young.
A method of investigation in which researcher observes social behaviour of people without becoming an actual participant is known as Non- Partcipant Observation
An aggregate of all cases that conform to some designated set of specifications is known as Population
A Population which contains countable number of sampling units is known as Finite
A Complete list of all sampling units from which a sample is slected is known as Sampling Frame.
The author of "Research Methods on Librarianship : Techniques and Interpretation is : Busha and Harter
Quota Sampling method is more frequently used in Public Opinion Surveys
The Non-Sampling Errors can be controlled to some extent by Pre Testing
The author of " Samling Theory and Methods" is M.N. Murthy
Conversation of responses into set of numbers is called Coding
Listing of Opinion oriented Questions in questionnaire is known as Open Ended
The variable which can take selected values of the variable is known asDiscrete
The purpose of data analysis is to condense large colume of data into meaningful is known as Values
The difference between upper and lower limit of a class is known as Class Width
Mode is the value of the variable having maximum Freqency
The values of the variables which split the series into number of parts is known as Quantities
If the attributes are present or absent together in the data , the association is called Positive
The average relationship between among the variable is known asRegression
A set of values of a variable or characteristic arranged chronologically is known as Time Series
A Smooth long term movement indicationg overall tendency of data is known as Secular Trend
The Charactersitic under study of population is called Parameter
The t-test is applied when the sample series is Small
Paried T-Test is applied when Observations are made from the sampe group at Two Time Points
The author of " Analysis of Nominal Data is H.T. Reynolds
The proof reading of data to catch and correct errors is known as Data Cleaning
The Software " EPI Info" is meant for Data Collection
"Microstat" is an application software exclusively meant for Statitical Analysis
SPID a statistical package was developed by Mac Quaries University.
Bar Charts , Pie Charts and Histograms are examples of Graphic Reprsentation
If the information is presented in a circle and it is partitioned into various segments to represent the magnitude of the variable it is known as Pie Chart
In graphs the horizontal axis is called X-Axis
Word Processors are compouter based writing packages which helps inEditing the text.
The author of "Writng a Thesis" a guide to logn essays and Dissertations isG.Watson
Scientometrics deals with evaluation factors like progress , levels of development , relevanc policy in Science
The frequency of Publication of authors was studied in 1926 by A.Lotkas
The relation of two documents by virtue of their joint decent from the third is known as Bibliographic Compiling
A Source of Biblimetric study such as bookm author, etc is known asVariable
LIS Research has made a froma beginning after Williamson report
The place of research in library science by Williamson and was published in 1931 in the journal Library Quantity
The first Phd degree in LIS was awarded in 1930 in USA by University of Chicago .
Council of Library Resources, USA was established in 1956 primarily tosupport LIS Research
OSTI was established in UK in 1965 to support LIS Infrastructure
The variable which can take any value in the range of two variables is known Continous Variable
Systematic activity directed toward discovery and the development of organized body of knowledge is known as Research
The research in which application of known theories and knowledge to test and validate the operational fields or population is known as Applied
The framework of activities that that researcher wishes to accomplish under the banner of particular research study is known as Plan
A Catalogue of various phases and facts realting to the formulation of research efforts is known as Design
A statement capable of being tested and there by verified or rejected is known as Hypothesis
The research methods investigates a past event and attempts to analyse it in the present situation is known as Historical
To assess the performance of various indexing languages and classification schems which of the following research method is more relevant?
The method of Investigation to collect information on a phenomena through observation, intervie and questionnaire is known as Survey
Observation is probably the oldest method use by man in Scientific Investigation
An objective analysis of the appearance of word, phrase concepts , themes , characters etc is known as Content Analysis
Bradford Law of Scattering has been further examined by BC Vickery
A Complete list of all sampling units from which a sampkle is selected is called Standard Error
The standard deviation of the sampling distribution are known asQuantitative
The variables which are measurable and objectively verifiable are known asQuantitative
The Statistical technique which measures the asscocitation between two nominal variable or between nominal and ordinal variables is known asChi-Square
The Proof reading of data to catch and correct errord and inconsisdent codes is known as Data Cleaning
SPSS Software for Statistical analysis is meant for Social Sciences
Ms Excel is one ot the powerful Spreadsheet
The horizontal axis in a graph is called X Axis
HG- Harvard Graphics is an Application progamme developed by Software Publishing Corp
The method of depicting the data through geometrical figures is known asHistogram
The author of the book " How to get a Ph.D is E.M. Philip
The measuring the productivity of an author based on number of publications led in the emergence of Lotkas Law
The analysis of information productivity patterns is known as Informatrics
Lotakas Law- 1926
Sampling are of two types ie Probability and Non Probability
Simple Random Sampling, Systematic Sampling , Stratified Sampling and Cluster or Multistage Sampling
Non Probablity Sampling Includes Convenient Sampling, Judgement Sampling and Quota Sampling
Op.Cit- To refer an Earlier but not an immediately preceding reference
Loc.Cit : To refer to the same reference . Refer to an earlier pages but not immediately preceding reference
Ibid: To refer to an immediately preceding reference
Idem: To replace loc. Cit and Op.cit and means a name previously mentioned
Research Methodology Prepared by
K.Sangeetha,MSC, PGdlan, Mphil, Librarian, Highways Research Station, (M): 09952031599
K.Sangeetha,MSC, PGdlan, Mphil,
Highways Research Station,