செவ்வாய், 2 பிப்ரவரி, 2016

SET 2016 Research Methodology part 1



    

Sno

Questions

1

Research is a systematized effort to gain Knowledge

2

Research is an Intellectual Process

3

Research is related with discovering new knowledge, developing existing knowledge verifying knowledge.

4

The main type of research is Basic Research and Applied Research 

5

Pragmatic Research is based on Observational and Empirical Research

6

Pure and Applied Research are two levels of  A Priroi Research

7

Pure Research is an Investigation conducted by an Individual

8

The research results which are unibiased by any possible use of its results is denoted by the term Pure Research 

9

Dr.S.R. Ranganathan's Five Laws of Library Science is example ofFundamental Research        

10

The distinctive mental process inovolved in observation and experiment isPerception

11

Fundamental Laws are got by Intutiion

12

In research, deductive lologic proceeds from General to Particular

13

Deductive Logic in Spiral of Scientific Method is related  with  Zenith

14

What type of process inductive logic is Theory is developed

15

In deductive research theory is developed and tested

16

Indusctive research proceeds from Particular to General

17

Historical Method of research can be applied in all subjects

18

What is an Interview? A Tool of Research

19

The Four Cell desing is used in Experiments

20

A Questionnaire designed with open ended questions is knownUnstructured

21

Hypothesis is a Tentative Solution to the Problem

22

Research Methods are used in research work to Solve Research Problem systematically and unbiased

23

The Correct sequence  in the Spiral of Scientific method is Nadir, Ascendent, Zenith, Descendent

24

A research that proceeds from General to Particulat is called Deductive Logic

25

Cranefield studies are an example of Experimental Research

26

The Exponent of Scientific Method is Francis Bacon

27

Research Design is Blue=Print of Research Work

28

A Proposition which is yet to be put to test for determing its validity is known as Hypothesis

29

In a questionnaire, Closed ended Questionsa are Fixed Response Questions

30

In a Questionnaire, Open Ended Questions are the answeres may be filled inby the respondent freely

31

When a Small group is taken as the representative of the whole, the study is called Sampling Method

32

When a whole population is divided into different groups and then , certain number of items are taken from each group to secure reliable sample , the method is called Stratified Sample

33

Dividing the population in different strat and then, the number to be slected from each stratum is decided in Quota Sampling

34

The sampling method , that combines the advantages of both randon as well as stratified sampling is Multistage or Cluster Sampling

35

The Measures of Central Tendendy are Mean, Median andMode

36

The Central Value of the distribution is denoted by Mean

37

The Size or Measurement of the Item which lies at the center, if all the items are arranged ascending or descending order of magnitude is calledMedian

38

External and Internal Criticism are two important factors considered in Historical Method

39

The research method which is based  upon a series of questionnaire interchanges often referred to as rounds is known an Delphi Method

40

In research Study, analysis and interpretation of data is useful for Making Inferences and drawing conclusions

41

In diagrammatic representation of data, for visual presentation of results of points are plotted and then joined with each other, it is called graph

42

In diagrammatic representation of data, if the values  of variables are represented in vertical bars drawn adjacent to each other, it is calledHistogram

43

If the data is presented in the form of circle with each category occupying a segment that ir proportional to its size, it is called Pie –Chart

44

The written description of research which gives the description from beginning to end of the research  on the subject is called Research Report. 

45

The term Bibliometrics was first used by Alan Pritchard

46

The Study of use of documents and Patterns of publkication with application of mathematical and statistical methods is known asBibliometrics

47

Zipfs Law of Bibliometrics is concerened withWord Count of Text.

48

The bibliometric law which is based  upon the frequency of publications of authors is known as Lotkas Law

49

ICSSR was established in the year 1969

50

CSIR stands for Committee for Social Science and Industrial Research

51

SPSS, IDAMs and Microstat are the statiscal Packate for Data Processing in research

52

Dissertation and Thesis are near Synonyms

53

A Null Hypothesis  means that a hypothesis is framed as negation

54

Research Report should consist of Statement of Problem, Analysis  and Interpretation of Data , Hypothesis , Objectives and Research Methodology .

55

Solo Research is done by a person 

56

What was the name given  by Ranganathan to Bibliometry?

Librametry

57

Delphi Method developed in the year 1950s

58

In which Country Delhi  Method for research was first developed? USA

59

What is the main aim of Delhi Method of Research?

Refining the Judgemental Data

60

Chain Procedure of Ranganthan is  Applied Research

61

Editions work on Bulb is Applied Research 

62

Five Laws of Library Science Basic Research

63

What ae the two types of Logical Method of research?

Deductive and Inductive

64

Pure Research provides a ground for Applied Research

65

Discovery of Electricity is Applied Research

66

Research Design is Planning of Research

67

What is called hypothesis in Natural Sciences?

Tentative Generalisation

68

What is called hypothesis in Social Science? Normative Principles

69

Scheduled and Questionnaire are Closely Related

70

What is the first step in methodology of research?

Formulation and Identification of the Problem.

71

What are the two methods of observation? Participants and Non-Participants

72

What is Content Analysis Research?

Analysis of Past Documents and Material.

73

What type of research is being conducted now a days?

Applied Research

75

What type of research is the Chain Procedure of Ranganathan?

Applied Research

76

What type of research is Editions Work on Bulbs?

Applied Research

77

What are the two types of logical method of research?

Deductive and Inductive

78

What type of process deductive logic is?

Theory is tested from known Scientific Principles

79

Deductive research proceeds from General to Particular

80

What type of process inductive logic is?

Theory is developed by Observing so many examples

81

Inductive Logic proceeds from Particular to General

82

What is called that research in which the tools of different sciences are used?

Inter Disciplinary Research

83

Inter Disciplinary Research are technical approach for research, it  is cooperative and coordinated research , the demand for this type of research is increasing  and results obtained are not subject oriented

84

The Reasons for Inter Disciplinary Research are Changed Role of Research, Craze of Specialisation, Birth and overlapping of Disciplines .

85

Interdisciplinary research is Objective

86

A Plan of Study which an researcher makes and undertakes the work is known as Research Design

87

What is the meaning of Research Design?

Planning of Research

88

Research Design gives the Blue Print of research activity

89

What should not be included in a research design?

Findings

90

The Purpose of Research  Design is the Control of Variance.

91

In research design which is considered  as the most important component?

Review of Literature

92

Who is the enunciator of  Scientific Method?

Francis Bacon

93

Who was the first exponent of Scientific Method?

Bacon

94

Verifiability is one of the important elements of which method of research?

Scientific Method

95

The Logical steps involved in scientific investigation are: 1.

Investigation are Indentification of the Proble, Collection of Data and Formulation of the Hypthesis

96

The Sprial of Scientif Method studies is realted with which of the following?

Oraganisation of Subject

97

Who devised Sprial of Scientific Method?

S.R.Ranganathan

98

The Spiral of Scientific Method Signifies of the which of the following?

Steps and Phrases in Scientific Method

99

What is the correct sequence of cardinal Points?

Nadir, Ascendent, Zenith, Descendent, Nadir

100

On Spiral of Scientific Method , the cardinal points Descendant to Nadir contains Verfication Phase

101

On Spiral of Scientific Method , the caridinal points Ascendenr to Zenith contains Hypothesizing Phase

102

On Spiral of Scientific Method, the Cardinal Points Nadir to Ascendent contaisn Empirical Phase

103

On Spiral of Scientific Method , the cardinal Pointa Zenith to Descendent contains Fundamental Laws

104

What does Zenith Mark in the Sprial?

Fundamental Laws

105

An Assumption or Proposition whose validity is to be tested is known asHypothesis

106

Cranefield Research Project is an example of Experimental Research

107

The person who conducted Cranefield research study is C.W.Cleverdon

108

Cranefield research studies are carried out to study Indexing

109

Casual Relationship between variables is indentified in which type of research-Experimental

110

Experimental research is generally oriented towards Future

111

In Historical method of research data is collected primarily from Primary and Secondary Sources

112

Which method of research is suitable to study  large population scattered geographically?

Survey

113

Which of the following is oriented towards present research?

Survey Research

114

DISISS stands for Design of Information Service in Social Science

115

INFROSS is an Example of Survey Research

116

Historical method of research is realted to the study of past

117

Historical Method of research can be applied in all discipline

118

Inductive logic proceeds from Particular to General

119

Deductive Logic Proceeds from General to Particular

120

Verification phase in the spiral of scientific method occurs from cardinal  Points from Descendant to Nadir

121

Empirical Laws are deducted from cardinal points from Nadir to Ascendant

122

Hypthesizing laws are deducted from cardinal points from Ascendant to Zenith

123

Deductive Laws are deducted from cardinal points from Zenith to Descendant

124

Nadir, Ascendant, Zenith and Descendant  are the our cardinal points of Spiral of Scientific Method

125

The Correct sequence of Caridnal points in the Spiral of Scientific Method is Spiral

126

The steps and phases in Scientific Method is Spiral

127

Lotkas Law is used for Frequency Analysis of Data

128

Bradfords and Zipfs Laws are used for Rank Frequency Analysis of Data

129

Which of the following technique is not employed in Bibliometrics?Measuring but Counting, Ranking and Citing are used

130

Zipfs Law basically deals with Frequency of Occurance of words

131

Lotkas law basically deals with Producvuty of words

132

Law of Scattering was first expounded by S.C. Bradford

133

The application of mathematics and statistical principles to Library and Information is known as Biblimetrics

134

The term " Bibliomnetrics" was first used by Alan Pritchard

135

The term " Librarmetry" was first coined by S.R.Ranaganathan

136

Application of Statisitics to Library Science is Known as Library Matrics

137

Exploratory research is concerned with Determination of Ideas

138

Experimental research design deal with Testing of Hypothesis

139

The research design which deals with diagnoisitic  of problem and their solutions is Diagnostic

140

Formal and Informal tools are carried out in Diagnostic Research Design

141

Descriptive Research Design deals with Study of Behavioural Sciences

142

The Purpose of Research Design is to Control variance in Research

144

A research Design should be propounded after formulating Hypothesis

145

Research Design provides research acitivty a Blue Print

146

Bradford Law, Lotkas Laws and Zipfs Law related to Bibilometrics

147

Data, Informartion , Knowledge and Wisdon is the correct sequence

148

To ascertain the information needs of Medical Practitioners, a questionnaire is sent to very fifth member on the official register- Random Sample

149

The journal deveoted to report LIS Research globally and exclusely isCurrent Research 

150

Delphi Method is mainly concerned with Forecasting of Trends

151

Stratified  Sampling  is  a combnination of Purposive and Random

152

The top of Spiral of Scientific method is Zenith

153

The Median dvides the curve  inot Equal Parts

154

A tentative spultion suggested to a problem in research is known as Hypothsis

155

The Credit for introducing case study method into the field of Social Scieintific Investigation goes to F. Leplay

156

The creator of LIBRIS is Frontier Technologies

157

The term Librametrics was foramally introduced in 1948 by S.R. Ranganathan

158

A new serried of :" Research Reviews in Information and Docuementation " has been formed by FID

159

The Foundation of all Scientific research is Formuation of Hypothesis

160

A Questionnnaire designed in advance is known as Structured

161

Panel Survey method is a direct extension of Interveiw Sampling

162

Chi Square is a technique related to Statistics

163

Accident Sampling is one of the methods of Non Probablity Sampling

164

"Thesis of Month" is  a regular feature of Univeristy News

165

An Hypothesis is a tentative Generalisation

166

Lottery method is one of the methods employed in Random Sampling

167

The whole group from which the units of sample are selected is calledUniverse

168

A person who conducts the Public Opinion is  known as  Pollstar

169

A well Planned, concerived and carefully prepared outline of an investigative study is known as Research Design

170

A study preceding the main study to check the viability is known as Pilot study

171

Numerical Values assigned to preceded replies is known as Scaling

172

Delphi Design is basically a survey design

173

A Changeable element in a pheneomena is known as Variable

174

Exploratory formulation uses one of the following methods for research?

Case Study

175

Descriptive Formulation uses one of the following techniques  for research?

Interview

176

Clinical Observation is the method used for collection of data in diagnostic study

177

The use of Experimental forumation is a hall mark of research in Physical Sciences

178

Panel Study is employed in which of the following formulation?

Experimental        

179

Systematic Analysis and description of contents of media is known asContent Analysis

180

Geometric Figure to indicagte each person and connecting lines and arrows is known as Sociogram

181

Measurement of Inter Relations amongst individuals and institution behaviour is known as Sociometry

182

Statiscal Methods of research lays stress on Figures

183

Constructive Typology deals with Logintunial Section

184

Projective Technique is an indirect method of data Collection

185

Statistical Study is a method which is rather Quanititative

186

The act of making a book, speech , report etc in a short form isCondensation

187

Collecting information about an individual , family or group is known asCase  Study

188

Case Study method is primalrily concerendd with Qualitative Analysis

189

Performance Measurement is one of the types of Evaluation Research

190

The person who identified different approaches to evaluation research isDavid King

191

Oral or written statement is known as Testimony

192

The author of " The  Art of Scientific Investigation " is Bevaridge

193

A Pictorial representation of the sequences of steps of computation  for a problem is known as Flowchart

194

The author of " Methods of Social Research" is Good and Hatt

195

Law of Scattering was first propounded by S.C. Bradford

196

The host institution for National Cntre for Bibliometrics (NCB) is Insdoc

197

The application of statistical techniques to econimc theories  is known asEconometrics

198

An Assumption or proposition whose validity is t to be tested is known asHypothesis

199

The most frequent observation in the series is known as Mode

200

The middle most observation in the series is known as Median        

201

Regression Analsysis is a tool

202

A variable not influenced by other variables in the equation is known asIndependent

203

A Variable which responds to changes in the independent variable is known as Dependent

204

Bar Charts and Pie Charts are the examples of data compression

205

In the form of a table, chart, and graph , data can be presented Gaphically

206

Inference is a conculsion based on Reasoning

207

The end part of research report includes Glossary

208

The Preliminaries in the research report includes  Introduction

209

A Style Manual provides guidance on  how to prepare a text

210

A printed Scholarly study of one theme or subject is known as Monograph

211

Verfiability is one of the important elements of components of Scientific Method

212

The Investigation of under lying process operative in the lives of person who are in association is known as Social Research 

213

The research which aims at providing workable solutions to a given problem by direction is known as Action Research

214

A Plan of Study which an researcher makes and undertakes the work is known as Research Design

215

A Tentative solutions of a proble facing a scientist/investigatory is known asHypothesis

216

A Book providing basic knowledge of a particular subject to the students in an easy language is known as Text Books

217

A Comprehensive, authoritative and systematic compilation by known information on a subject is known as Treatise

218

A Schloarly treatise on a specific subject is studied as  a part of wider subject is known as Mongraph

219

An Outstanding work of Scholarship and high literary merit of all  times is known as Classic

220

The records of any public or private institution which are worthy of permanent preservation for reference and research is known as Archival Material. 

221

SUCHAK database is being developed and operated by SNDT woments University , Mumbai

222

The propositions that typically state the existence, size, form or distribution of some variable is known as Desctiptive Hypothesis

223

Research inquiry into the pasr in a systematic manner is called Historical

224

A group of subjects on which experiment is not performed is known asControlled. 

225

A Changeable element in a phenomena is known as Variable. 

226

The research gaining knowledge by collecting or fresh observation under controlled conditions is known as Experimental

227

The Crane Field research project conducted by C.Clverdon is an example ofExperimental Reasarch

228

The techniques of investigation to collect information on a phenomena through observation, interview and questionnaire is Survey Research

229

The Interview where the emphasis will be upon a given experience and its effects is known as Focussed

230

The Interview which concerns itself with the broad underlying feelings or motivation is known as Clinical

231

The Inteview where the  Interviwer serves a  Catalyst is known as Non-Directive

232

A Systemativ viewing , compelled with consideration of the seen Phenomenta is known as Obeservation.

233

The Combination of Controlled and Uncontrolled observation is known as  Mass Observation

234

The research carried on "Citizens attidude towards Public Library" by Charles Evans is an example of Survey

235

The author of " Library Surveys: An Introduction , their use, planning , proceducre and presentation " is called M.B.Line. 

236

A  Method of  exploring and analyzing the life of social unit be it a person, family an institution , cultural group or even an entire community is knownas Case Study

237

A Specific type of applied research whose primary goal is not the discovery of knowledge but rather testing of application of knowledge within a specific programme or project " is known as Evaluation Research 

238

The Evaluation which aims at providing information for programme management, modification and management is known as Formative

239

A Research technique for an objective systematic and qualitative description of the manifest content is called Content Analysis

240

The Smallest unit generally applied in a research is word

241

Recording of Occurrence of a given attribute is known as Freqency System

242

Law of Scattering was propounded by Bradford

243

The generic used to refer to inquires into the printed tools of librarianship is known as Documnetary Research

244

Analysis of structure of literature using various tools, counting rank-freqency distribution and citation analysis is known as Bibliometrics

245

The author " The Elements of Research " is F.L. Whitney

246

The person who propounded that a comparatively small numbers of core journals in a filed yielded a high proportion of all relevant articles is S.C bardford

247

A Group  of modified survey procedures designed for use in refining judgemetnal data collected from a panel of selected experts is known asDelphi Method

248

An approach to social investigation with full and active participation of the community in the research process is known as  Participatory Research 

249

InkBolt Test Techniques are employed in Projective Techniques

250

The author of "Methods in Social Research" is Good and Hart

251

Questionnaire is widely used tool in Survey Research 

252

The author of "Scientific  Social Surveys and Research" is P.V.Young. 

253

A method of investigation in which researcher observes social behaviour of people without becoming an actual participant is known as Non- Partcipant Observation

254

An aggregate of all cases that conform to some designated set of specifications is known as Population

255

A Population which contains countable number of sampling units is known as Finite

256

A Complete list of all sampling units from which  a sample is slected is known as Sampling Frame. 

257

The author of "Research Methods  on Librarianship : Techniques and Interpretation is : Busha and Harter

258

Quota Sampling method is more frequently used in Public Opinion Surveys 

259

The Non-Sampling Errors can be controlled to some extent by Pre Testing

260

The author of " Samling Theory and Methods" is M.N. Murthy

261

Conversation of responses into set of numbers is called Coding

262

Listing of Opinion oriented Questions in questionnaire  is known as Open  Ended 

263

The variable which can take selected values of the variable  is known asDiscrete

264

The purpose of data analysis is to condense large colume of data into meaningful  is known as  Values

265

The difference between upper and lower limit of a class is known as Class Width

266

Mode is the value of the variable having maximum Freqency

267

The values of the variables which split the series into number of parts is known as Quantities

268

If the attributes are present or absent together in the data , the association is called Positive

269

The average relationship between among the variable is known asRegression

270

A set of values of a variable or characteristic arranged chronologically is known as Time Series 

271

A Smooth long term movement indicationg overall tendency of data is known as Secular Trend

272

The Charactersitic under  study of population  is called  Parameter

273

The t-test is applied when the sample series is Small

274

Paried T-Test is applied when Observations are made from the sampe group at Two Time Points 

275

The author of " Analysis of Nominal Data is H.T. Reynolds

276

The proof reading of data to catch and correct errors is known as Data Cleaning

277

The Software " EPI Info" is meant for Data Collection

278

"Microstat" is an application software exclusively meant for Statitical Analysis

279

SPID a statistical package was developed by Mac Quaries University.

280

Bar Charts , Pie Charts and Histograms are examples of Graphic Reprsentation

281

If the information is presented in a circle and it is partitioned into various segments to represent the magnitude of the variable it is known as Pie Chart

282

In graphs the horizontal axis is called X-Axis 

283

Word Processors are compouter based writing packages which helps inEditing the text. 

284

The author of "Writng a Thesis" a guide to logn essays and Dissertations isG.Watson

285

Scientometrics deals with evaluation factors like progress , levels of development , relevanc policy in Science

286

The frequency of Publication of authors was studied in 1926 by A.Lotkas 

287

The relation of two documents by virtue of their joint decent from the third is known as Bibliographic Compiling

288

A Source of Biblimetric study such as bookm author, etc is known asVariable

289

LIS Research has made a froma beginning after Williamson report

290-

 The place of research in library science by Williamson  and was published in 1931 in the journal Library Quantity

291

The first Phd degree in LIS was awarded in 1930 in USA by University of Chicago .

292

Council of Library Resources, USA was established in 1956 primarily tosupport LIS Research 

293

OSTI was established in UK in 1965 to support LIS Infrastructure 

294

The variable which can take any value in the  range of two variables is known Continous Variable 

295

Systematic activity directed toward discovery and the development of organized  body of knowledge is known as Research 

296

The research in which application of known theories and knowledge to test and validate the operational fields or population is known as Applied

297

The framework of activities that that researcher wishes to accomplish under the banner of particular research study is known as Plan

298

A Catalogue of various phases and facts realting to the formulation of research efforts is known as Design

299

A statement  capable of being tested and there by verified or rejected is known as Hypothesis

300

The research methods investigates a past event and attempts to analyse  it in the present situation is known as Historical

301

To assess the performance of various indexing languages and classification schems which of the following research method is more relevant?

Experimental

302

The method of Investigation to collect information on a phenomena through observation, intervie and questionnaire is known as Survey

303

Observation is probably the oldest method use by man in Scientific Investigation

304

An objective analysis of the appearance of word, phrase concepts , themes , characters etc is known as Content Analysis

305

Content Analysis-1926

306

Bradford Law of Scattering has been further examined by BC Vickery

307

A Complete list of all sampling units from which a sampkle is selected is called Standard Error

308

The standard deviation of the sampling distribution are known asQuantitative

309

The variables which are measurable and objectively verifiable are known asQuantitative

310

The Statistical technique which measures the asscocitation between two nominal variable or between nominal  and ordinal variables  is known asChi-Square 

311

The Proof reading of data to catch and correct errord and inconsisdent codes is known as Data Cleaning 

312

SPSS Software for Statistical analysis is meant for Social Sciences 

313

Ms Excel is one ot  the powerful Spreadsheet

314

The horizontal axis in a graph is called X Axis 

315

HG- Harvard Graphics is an Application progamme developed by Software Publishing Corp

316

The method of depicting the data through geometrical figures is known asHistogram

317

The author of the book " How to get a Ph.D is  E.M. Philip

318

The measuring  the productivity of an author based on number of publications led in the emergence of Lotkas Law 

319

The analysis of information productivity patterns is known as Informatrics 

320

Lotakas Law- 1926

321

Bradford Law-1934

322

Zipfs Law-1949

323

Sampling are of two types ie Probability and Non Probability

324

Simple Random Sampling, Systematic Sampling , Stratified  Sampling and Cluster or Multistage Sampling

325

Non Probablity Sampling Includes Convenient Sampling, Judgement Sampling and Quota Sampling

326

Op.Cit- To refer an Earlier but not an immediately preceding reference

327

Loc.Cit : To refer to the same reference . Refer to an earlier pages but not immediately preceding reference

328

Ibid: To refer to an immediately preceding reference

329

Idem: To replace loc. Cit and Op.cit and means a name previously mentioned

        

                Research Methodology Prepared by

K.Sangeetha,MSC, PGdlan, Mphil,

Librarian,

Highways Research Station,

(M): 09952031599